Research and Development - The major Institutes in Research & Development are:
National Medicinal Plants Board
India has 15 Agroclimatic zones, 47000 different plant species and 15000 medicinal plants The Indian Systems of Medicine have identified 1500 medicinal plants, of which 500 species are mostly used in the preparation of drugs. The medicinal plants contribute to cater 80% of the raw materials used in the preparation of drugs. The effectiveness of these drugs mainly depend upon the proper use and sustained availability of genuine raw materials. The domestic market of Indian Systems of Medicine & Homoeopathy is of the order of Rs.4000 crores (2000), which is expanding day by day. The Ayurveda drug market alone is of the order of Rs. 3500 crores (2000). Besides this, there is also a growing demand for natural products including items of medicinal value/pharmaceuticals, food supplements and cosmetics in both domestic and international markets. Presently India’s export from Medicinal and Herbal plants is Rs. 446 crores (2000) only which would be raised to Rs.3000 crores annually by 2005. India, with its diversified biodiversity has a tremendous potential and advantage in this emerging area.
For More About CCRAS, visit Website at : nmpb.nic.in
Indian Instittue of Integrative Medicine (IIIM), Jammu
Indian Instittue of Integrative Medicine (IIIM), Jammu is a multi- disciplinary organization having the facility for advance product Chemistry, Pharmacology, Biotechnology and Botanical Sciences. The major areas of research include standardizing the agro technology of Medicinal and Aromatic plants, their propagation techniques , isolation of active fraction/s and single molecules from such plants. Screening for the bioactivity of these plants extracts/ fractions and molecules and exploiting the microbes for useful reactions. Identifcation and standardization of the chemotypes and genotypes of the plants by the molecular finger printing. IIIMJ is also involved in the screening of microbial wealth from niche areas of North West Himalayas for the isolation and application of useful enzymes for industrial processes. Several enzymes like lipase/esterase, peroxidase, oxido-reductase, nitrilase and glucosidase have been identified and their functional properties established. We have a large repository of natural as well as synthetic compounds which are being screened for various activities using insilico approach.
For More About CCRAS, visit Website at : www.iiim.res.in
Central Council for Research in Ayurveda & Siddha (CCRAS)
The Central Council for Research in Ayurveda and Siddha is an autonomous body under Department of AYUSH, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India set up for the formation, coordination, development and promotion of research on scientific lines in Ayurveda and Siddha. Its activities are carried out through its 38 institutes/centres/units located all over India and through a number of Units located in Universities/ Institutes/ Hospitals of Ayurveda and Siddha. The Council is also financing suitable research studies of Ayurveda, Siddha and allied sciences. The emphasis is on finding effective and low-cost remedies for various diseases through systematic research. Research activities of the Council include Clinical Research, Health Care Research, Drug Research, Literary Research and Family Welfare Research. Now the Council has also stepped into the field of Neutraceutical and Cosmaceutical research.
For More About CCRAS, visit Website at : www.ccras.nic.in
Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine (CCRUM)
The Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine was established by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India as an autonomous organisation in the year 1979, to initiate, aid, develop and to co-ordinate scientific research in Unani System of Medicine. The Council is engaged in the multifaceted research activities in the field of Unani medicine. The Council’s research programme comprises clinical research, drug standardisation, survey and cultivation of medicinal plants and literary research. These research activities are being carried out through a network of 22 Institutes/Units functioning in different parts of the country. These include two Central Research Institutes of Unani Medicine - one each at Hyderabad and Lucknow, eight Regional Research Institutes of Unani Medicine - one each at Chennai, Bhadrak, Patna, Aligarh, Mumbai, Srinagar, Kolkata and New Delhi, six Clinical Research Units - one each at Allahabad, Bangalore, Karimganj, Meerut, Bhopal and Burhanpur, four Drug Standardisation Research Units - one each at New Delhi, Bangalore, Chennai and Lucknow, a Chemical Research Unit at Aligarh, a Literary Research Institute at New Delhi. During the reporting period new clinical studies were initiated in different diseases. Besides, ongoing trials also continued at different centres. In the drug standardisation research programme development of Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for compound formulations continued. Development of agro techniques for domestication and cultivation of Unani medicinal plants was also continued.
For More About CCRUM, visit Website at : www.ccrum.nic.in
Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy (CCRH)
The Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy is fully funded by Government of India and engaged in research in Homoeopathy in the country. The Council functions through a network of 40 Institutes and Units located in different parts of the country. These Institutes and Units are engaged in research in various aspects of Homoeopathy such as (i) Clinical Research, (ii) Drug Proving Research, (iii) Clinical Verification Research, (iv) Drug Standardization, and (v) Survey, Collection and Cultivation of Medicinal Plants. The Council has identified the following areas for conducting Evidence-based research in Homoeopathy:
1. Fundamental and Basic Research on mechanism of action of Homoeopathic Medicines
2.Clinical trials on predefined protocols
3.Double blind randomized controlled studies (In vitro)
4. Collaborative studies with Centres of Excellence in Allied Sciences. The construction of building of Central Research Institute of Homoeopathy NOIDA started on 29.8.2005 by H.S.C.C. The Institute/Units functioning at New Delhi, Ghaziabad, Gurgaon and Bhopal will be merged to function as Central Research Institute (H) at Noida.
For More About CCRH, visit Website at : www.ccrhindia.org
Central Council for Research in Yoga & Naturopathy (CCRYN)
Central Council for Research in Yoga and Naturopathy (CCRYN) is a society registered under the Societies Registration Act as an autonomous body under the Department of AYUSH, Ministry of Health & F.W.. The basic objective of the Council is to conduct Scientific Research in the field of Yoga and Naturopathy. However, in the absence of any other Statutory Body to look after the Education & Training in these systems, the objectives were later amended to include Education, Training and Propagational aspects of these disciplines. 4.5.2 At present, the Council is finding NGOs for the following activities : (i) Clinical Research ; (ii) Treament-Cum-Propagation Centre; (iii) Patient Care Centre (10/5 Bedded); (iv) Literary Research / Translation / Publication Work (v) Seminar/ Workshop/ Conferences.
For More About CCRYN, visit Website at : www.ccryn.org